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Puppy Training 101: Essential Commands Every Dog Should Know

puppy training

Welcome to Cleo&Hooman's ultimate guide to puppy training! Training your furry friend is not just about teaching them tricks; it's about fostering a bond of understanding and respect. In this guide, we'll cover essential commands that every dog should know: Sit, Stay, Come, and Heel. These foundational commands are crucial for ensuring your pup's safety and making your lives together more enjoyable.

1. Sit

  • Purpose: The 'Sit' command is fundamental in dog training. It teaches your dog patience and control.
  • How to Teach:
    • Hold a treat close to your dog's nose.
    • Move your hand up, allowing their head to follow the treat and causing their bottom to lower.
    • Once they’re in a sitting position, say "Sit," give them the treat, and share affection.
  • Tips:
    • Practice this in several short sessions every day.
    • Use the command before mealtime, walks, and other situations where your pup needs to calm down.

2. Stay

  • Purpose: 'Stay' helps maintain control in various situations, like when you need to leave the room.
  • How to Teach:
    • Ask your dog to “Sit.”
    • Open the palm of your hand in front of you, say "Stay," and take a few steps back.
    • Reward them with a treat if they stay.
    • Increase the number of steps gradually.
  • Tips:
    • Always reward your pup for staying put — even if it’s just for a few seconds.

3. Come

  • Purpose: This command can prevent a dog from getting into trouble, bringing them back to you safely.
  • How to Teach:
    • Put a leash and collar on your dog.
    • Go down to their level and say, "Come," while gently pulling on the leash.
    • When they get to you, reward them with affection and a treat.
  • Tips:
    • Once they’ve mastered it with the leash, practice it without in a safe, enclosed area.

4. Heel

  • Purpose: 'Heel' keeps your dog right at your side during walks, which is useful for managing pulling.
  • How to Teach:
    • Start with your dog standing on your left side.
    • With a treat in your left hand, bring it near your thigh, and say "Heel."
    • Walk forward. When your dog follows, reward them.
  • Tips:
    • Keep the leash short but loose. Reward them for staying by your side.

Mastering these basic commands is the first step in a lifelong journey of learning and companionship with your dog. Remember, consistency is key in dog training. With patience and practice, your puppy will be following these commands in no time. Happy training!